Distribution of peripheral lesions identified by mydriatic ultra-wide field fundus imaging in diabetic retinopathy (bibtex)
@article{indian_retina_research_associates_irra_distribution_2020,
	abstract = {Purpose To analyze the distribution of diabetic retinopathy (DR) lesions in an Indian population using ultra-wide field (UWF) fundus imaging.
Methods Seven hundred fifteen subjects (1406 eyes) with diabetic retinopathy in India were enrolled in this multicenter, prospective, observational study using UWF pseudocolor imaging with Optos Daytona Plus (Optos plc, Dunfermline, Scotland, UK). Images were transmitted to Doheny Image Reading Center, Los Angeles, CA, for grading. The ETDRS grid was overlaid on stereographic projections of UWF images, and images were graded independently by 2 masked graders. Lesion distribution was graded as predominantly central (PCL) or predominantly peripheral (PPL) according to previous criteria, considering both lesion number and area. An image was graded as PPL if {\textgreater} 50\% of the lesion area was seen in at least one peripheral field as compared with the corresponding ETDRS field. Diabetic retinopathy severity was also assessed based on the International Classification of Diabetic Retinopathy (ICDR) grading scale. The main outcome measures were lesion distribution (PPL versus PCL): overall and within specific fields in eyes with various grades of DR.
Results Lesion distribution was rated to be PPL in 37\% of eyes and PCL in 63\% of eyes (P {\textless} 0.003). The frequency of a PPL distribution varied significantly across all ICDR severity levels, with frequencies of mild non-proliferative DR (NPDR) (30.9\%), moderate NPDR (40.3\%), severe NPDR (38.5\%) and PDR (34.9\%), P = 0.005. When assessing which individual fields were rated to show a PPL distribution, the frequency was greatest in field 4 and least in field 7. For any grade of DR, temporal fields showed the greatest PPL frequency, followed in order by the superior, inferior, and nasal fields (P {\textless} 0.001). Only 3.5\% of eyes showed PPL distribution in all five peripheral fields.
Conclusions One-third of the UWF images showed a PPL distribution in this cohort with the temporal quadrant having the widest distribution of PPL. As the PPL distribution varied significantly between various grades of DR, UWF imaging may prove to be important for screening of referral warranted retinopathy.},
	author = {Verma, A. and Alagorie, A.R. and Ramasamy, K. and van Hemert, J. and Yadav, H. and Pappuru, R.R. and Tufail, A. and Nittala, M.G. and Sadda, S.R. and Raman, R.},
	copyright = {All rights reserved},
	date-added = {2020-10-07 14:40:26 +0100},
	date-modified = {2020-10-07 14:44:07 +0100},
	doi = {10.1007/s00417-020-04607-w},
	file = {Indian Retina Research Associates (IRRA) et al. - 2020 - Distribution of peripheral lesions identified by m.pdf:/Users/jvhemert/Dropbox (Personal)/Apps/Zotero/storage/8JTZPEEF/Indian Retina Research Associates (IRRA) et al. - 2020 - Distribution of peripheral lesions identified by m.pdf:application/pdf},
	issn = {0721-832X, 1435-702X},
	journal = {Graefe's Archive for Clinical and Experimental Ophthalmology},
	keywords = {retinal imaging},
	language = {en},
	month = apr,
	number = {4},
	pages = {725--733},
	title = {Distribution of peripheral lesions identified by mydriatic ultra-wide field fundus imaging in diabetic retinopathy},
	url = {http://link.springer.com/10.1007/s00417-020-04607-w},
	urldate = {2020-08-31},
	volume = {258},
	year = {2020},
	bdsk-url-1 = {http://link.springer.com/10.1007/s00417-020-04607-w},
	bdsk-url-2 = {https://doi.org/10.1007/s00417-020-04607-w}}
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